Home Butterflies Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly

Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly

by Trevor E Holewinski

Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly

( Papilio troilus)

Spicebush swallowtail:

The Spicebush Swallowtail is located throughout the mid-western as well as eastern USA.

They are large butterflies with a wingspan of 3.5 to 5 inches.

Sometimes called green swallowtails due to the eco-friendly coloring on the males’ r hindwings. The hindwings of females are extra blue than environment-friendly.

Grown-up swallowtails will consume alcohol the nectar from several types of blossoms, but some of their faves are butterfly bush, purple coneflower, butterfly weed as well as common milkweed, lantana, zinnias, honeysuckle, and thistle.

They are also drawn in to standing water and superficial mud pools.

As their name recommends, this swallowtail caterpillars eat the spicebush plant (Lindera Benzoin).

The larvae likewise eats sassafras, camphor tree, and redbay.

The larvae is rather uncommon in appearance with its large eye places.

Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly photo 1

These eye spots aid to safeguard the caterpillar from killers.

Because the eye areas are so big, many butterfly killers think that the eyes come from a much bigger animal than a caterpillar and so they normally leave it alone.

The caterpillar also secures itself by creating a shelter within the fallen leaves of its host plant.

Its sanctuary is a rolled up leaf that the caterpillar hides in when it isn’t consuming. The caterpillar creates a silk strand that it uses to roll up the fallen leave.

The larvae experiences a number of phases (called instars), and also shortly prior to it enters into the pupal phase, the larvae transforms orange or yellow.

The chrysalis is either eco-friendly or brown. If the chrysalis forms throughout the fall it overwinters in the pupal stage and becomes an adult butterfly in the springtime.

The grown-up butterfly enjoys some defense from killers. Because of their similar look to the nasty tasting Pipevine swallowtail.

Spicebush swallowtails are rarely eaten by killers.

Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly image 2


Woodlands, areas, yards and also parks offer habitat for this butterfly.


A reduced flier, this butterfly can frequently be seen on a rather fast as well as straight flight pattern.

Males patrol forest and roadside locations searching for ladies.

Host plants and also larvae:

Larvae feed upon Spicebush as well as Sassafras. The larvae resembles those of the Tiger swallowtail, except that they have 2 pairs of eyespots on the front part of the thorax.

Nectar plants:

Honeysuckle, lantana, azalea, butterfly bush, zinnia, milkweed and others.

Make sure to offer fresh water and defense in your yards.

Spicebush Swallowtail as well as Various Other Common Butterflies

A Butterfly Friendly Backyard

Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly image 3

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