Home Butterflies Common Buckeye Butterfly

Typical Buckeye Butterfly

( Junonia coenia)

The Typical Buckeye Butterfly is well known for its distinct big eyespots on the upper wing side.

Primarily a southerly butterfly varieties, it emigrates in the summertime as well as is located in all components of the USA other than the northwest.

It can’t stand up to the north winter seasons, nonetheless, so is a local only in the southern states.

On the eastern seaboard, big masses of emigrating butterflies can often be seen.


The Buckeye’s environment is open areas with low vegetation and some bare ground. Including tracks, roadsides, open parks and gardens.

Common Buckeye Butterfly Summary:

The Common Buckeye Butterfly belongs to the varied Brush-footed Butterfly household. This indicates it relates to the Monarch, Viceroy, Malachite, and the Fritillary subfamily. The front pair of legs of these butterflies are very brief and also almost so challenging to see that many people just count 4 legs in the beginning glance. enhancement to their diminutive size, the front set of legs are likewise covered in short bristles, or hairs, like a hair brush.

Usual Buckeyes are mostly brownish as well as have one tiny and one huge black-and-blue eyespot on every wing. These eyespots are ringed in orange and black. 2 noticeable orange bands on each forewing are near the head with a thick ivory band that encompasses the larger eyespot. Orange and also light brown type a border near the bottom edges of the wings. The underside of the forewings are much less luxuriant, keeping two medium-sized eyespots on a brown wing. Each antennae has a little handle at the idea.

Common Buckeye Butterfly image 1

Though seen periodically as far north as and also the northern U.S. states, the Usual Buckeye does not breed there. They like warmer states and also can breed up to 4 times a year in warmer environments. They usually stay in open land. Males are extremely territorial and also will fly out at anything that passes as well closely. The caterpillar is a black color with white as well as orange lines as well as stripes. It additionally has black bristles standing out on the dorsal (back) side at each pair of legs. These caterpillars love to prey on plants from the plantain, verbena, figwort, snapdragon, monkey flower, and stonecrop family members.

The eyespots most likely offer to startle or distract predators, particularly young birds.


They like basking on bare ground, this butterfly will return time and again to the exact same spot.

It has a fast, darting flight.

Male Buckeyes see mud pools for wetness.

Males perch on bare ground or low plants, periodically patrolling searching for ladies, however they are not territorial.

Larvae and host plants:

Common Buckeye Butterfly image 2

A range of (typically) floral plants are utilized

Preferred larval hosts include Plantain (Plantago), Snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and Toadflax (Linaria).

The Women Buckeye lays a solitary rally buds or the top side of fallen leaves.

The larvae are solitary and feed upon the vegetation, blossoms, and also fruits of the host plant.

Larvae are primarily blackish, with blue-black spines running down the body.

Grownups as well as some larvae overwinter in southerly areas.

The pupa may not have a relaxing phase (diapause), as in several various other butterflies.

Nectar plants:

Aster (Aster), Coreopsis (Coreopsis), Knapweed (Centaurea), Chickory (Chichorium) and a number of others.

Include a resource of water in your yards as the Typical Buckeye and lots of various other butterflies will consume alcohol from mud puddles or from the edge of a birdbath.

Usual Buckeye and Other Butterflies

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Common Buckeye Butterfly image 1

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