A Gallery of Butterfly Plants,
Choose a Few for Your Gardens.



Butterfly Plants?

Sure.

Butterflies are attracted to flowers for nectar and many plants as hosts to lay their eggs on.

They are attracted to bright colors like yellows, oranges white, purple and reds.

Butterfly Plants have flowers that are usually different in structure than those that attract hummers.

Where hummer flowers are typically tubular in shape, butterflies enjoy clusters of tiny flowers where they can perch and sip.

Some flowers attract both hummers and butterflies and this can help you when building your gardens.

Flowers like butterfly bush and Mexican sunflower are a favorite to both of these winged marvels.

Butterflies are not as specialized in their needs as hummingbirds, so you will find numerous species of native butterfly plants as well as a host of plants from other countries.

You will find many easy to grow, Beautiful butterfly Plants for your gardens.

By including host plants, you are encouraging butterflies to lay eggs in your little corner of the world. This will give you a growing population of butterflies.

What a wonderful way to learn about one of God's marvelous wonders as you watch caterpillars grow, pupate and become a beautiful butterfly before your very eyes.

You know how to make a butterfly garden, now it's time to choose some plants that are right for you.

Start by choosing the right Butterfly Plants for your region.

It is important to choose plants that will thrive in your region and hosts that are preferred by regional butterflies.

Here is a good list of butterfly plants.

Aclcea rosea .................... Hollyhock ................. Zones 3 to 8.

Hollyhock leaves are hosts of Painted Lady, West Coast Lady, white and Common Skipper.

Anaphalis margaritacea ..... Pearly everlasting ....... Zones 3 to 8.

Button like flowers and hosts for American Lady butterfly.

Aristolochia spp. .............. Dutchman's pipevine .... Zones 5 to 10.

Host plant for Pipevine swallowtail.

Asclepias spp.................. Milkweed ................... Zones 2 to 10.

Nectar for butterflies and an important host plant for Monarchs. Look for species that aren't invasive like A. tuberosa (butterfly weed).

Aster spp ....................... Aster ......................... Zones 2 to 10.

Hardy natives with some thriving in full sun and others doing well in shade. Nectar plant and caterpillar fodder for Pearl and Painted Crescents.

Buddleia ssp.................... Butterfly bush.............. Zones 5 to 10.

Buddleias are constantly humming with action as they are a favorite of butterflies, hummingbirds and several other insects. A must for your gardens.

Cleanothus spp................ California lilac.............. Zones 7 to 10.

Popular butterfly plants in the Western garden for nectar and as a host for several Western butterflies.

Echinacea purpurea............ Purple coneflower......... Zones 3 to 8.

Coneflowers are a workhorse in the garden, prairie and meadow plantings. It offers nectar for butterflies and the cone shaped seed heads offer seed for several small birds.

Eupatorium spp.............. Joe-Pye-weed............... Zones 3 to 10.

Joe-Pye is another native that does well in the wildlife garden. Smaller varieties are offered for gardens that have limited space.

Helianthus spp. ............... Sunflower................... Zones 2 to 9.

Sunflowers are annuals and hardy perennials. Butterflies enjoy the nectar flowers and later goldfinches will flock to your yard for the seeds provided.

Heliotopium Arborescens.... Heliotrope.................. Zone 10.

A very fragrant flower considered a bedding annual in other zones. Butterflies are attracted to this sweet beauty as are hummingbirds.



New York Aster Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

Hibiscus spp....................... Hibiscus.................. Zones 3 to 10.

Large beautiful blooms attract butterflies, hummingbirds and people. Some species are tall and do well in the back of the bed.

Liatris spp.......................... Blazing star.............. Zones 3 to 10.

Another native wildflower that is a hit in the butterfly garden. A great cut flower that hummers will also visit. Liatris can be found in prairies and poor, dry soils.

Lindera benzion.................. Spicebush................ Zones 5 to 8.

Spicebush is native to eastern North America woodlands. An ideal butterfly plants for shady gardens. Berries offer wild food later in the year. Important host plant for Spicebush Swallowtails.

Liriodendron tulipifera ......... Tulip tree.................. Zones 4 to 8.

Tulip trees are an attractive shade tree for the large yard as they can grow to 100' tall. This tree offers seed pods that attracts Grosbeaks and other seed eaters. A host for Eastern Tiger Swallowtail.

Malva spp.......................... Mallow .................... Zones 3 to 8.

Attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. These butterfly plants are hosts for West Coast Lady, Tropical Checkered Skipper and Common Sootywing.

Origanum vulgare............... Common oregano....... Zones 5 to 10.

Not only for the kitchen, but it will attract several species of butterflies.

Passiflora spp................... Passionflower............ Zones 6 to 10.

Maypop does well in my zone 5 garden with protection. The tropical looking flowers will turn heads in your garden. Passiflora is a host for Gulf Fritillary, Julia and Zebra.

Petroselinum crispum......... Parsley.................... Zones 2 to 10.

Grow parsley for a garnish, but don't get to attached to your plants. Parsley is a main host for Black Swallowtails and Anise Swallowtails in the west.

Rudbeckia spp................... Black-eyed-Susan...... Zones 3 to 9.

Probably the most popular American native in the garden. The popular Black-eyed-susan "Rudbeckia Goldsturm" is a poor nectar plant. For butterflies and other pollinators, go with the wildflower "R. hirta."

passion flower

Butterfly flower

As you can see, Butterfly Flowering Plants and flowers can be quite exotic and beautiful.

Few flowers show such beauty as the "Passion Flower".

The bright orange of "Butterfly Weed" is a rare sight in the garden and it's a Monarch favorite.

Here are a few more butterfly favorites.

Scabiosa caucasica........... Pincushion flower.......Zones 4 to 9.

Butterfly Plants that are appealing to nectar seeking butterflies. Attractive flowers are a can't miss in the butterfly garden.

Sedum spp....................... Sedum .................... Zones 3 to 9.

Sedums come in various shapes and sizes. The late summer blooms are attractive to butterflies, bumblebees and honeybees. Drought tolerant plants that do well in that difficult spot.

Solidago spp..................... Goldenrod ............... Zones 2 to 10.

Common along roadsides and open fields, Goldenrod is gaining in popularity in wildlife gardens. Plant where its spreading roots are free to roam. Check for newer clumping varieties for limited space gardens. In the West, it is host to Northern Checkerspot and Rockslide Checkerspot.

Vernonia spp..................... Ironweed.................. Zones 4 to 8.

These Butterfly Plants attract swallowtails and Monarchs with there deep colors. Blooms mid summer through fall.

Viola spp ......................... Violet ..................... Zones 2 to 10.

Several species of native violet grow from coast to coast. Ideal for the shade or partial shade garden. Violets are the favorite food source for fritillaries.

Vitex agnus-cactus.............Vitex, Chaste tree.....Zones 6 to 10.

A small specimen tree or shrub for your butterfly garden. The spicy smelling blooms attract butterflies, hummingbirds. Vitex flourishes in coastal gardens.

Several species of plants not on this list like Coreopsis and Gaillardia also meet the butterfly's needs.

Butterfly plants include nectar plants and host plants.

Butterfly plants are annual and perennial. Flowers, shrubs, trees and vines all make up the butterfly garden.

For host plants, look at Blueberry, Hackberry, Cherry, Plum, Oak and Dogwood.

Lupines, Fennel, Penstemon, Gooseberry, Azalea. Hops, Clover etc are host plant to various butterflies.

Butterfly larvae have ravenous appetites, expect chewed on leaves and plants.

Fill in gaps with annuals that offer color and bloom all season.

Here is a list of annual butterfly plants, many are a can't miss.

Spicebush Swallowtail

Ageratum

Annual phlox

Bachelor's button

Borage

Annual Aster



Spicebush

Cosmos

Dahlia

Dill

Fennel

Globe amaranth

Impatiens

Marigold

Mexican sunflower

Helianthus

Nasturtium

Parsley

Pentas

Petunia

Snapdragon

Snow-on the-mountain

Sweet alyssum

Verbena

Zinnia

The right Butterfly Plants will make your garden.

The Right Butterfly Plants will Make Your Garden.

About Butterflies

Garden Design

A Butterfly's Appearance

Reproduction

Common Butterfly Profiles

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