Trees of Canada

Giant Conifers to Small Deciduous Specimens



Other than the coastal and southern regions, trees of Canada and Alaska are limited by the Short summers and long harsh winters.

However, don't let that deter you in a decent variety to plant for your backyard birds.

Along the Pacific coast, there are still some rain forests where The green giants are huge. Spruce, pine and firs do well in the moderate temperatures.

The eastern portion of Canada offers many trees similar to that of the northeast and Great Lakes region of the United States.

Temperatures moderate some as the terrain softens and the Great Lakes and Gulf Stream help to warm up the air a tad bit.

Besides the typical pines, pines and spruces of the boreal forests, native trees of Canada consist of maples, oaks, ash, willows, redbud, beech, aspen and other deciduous trees.

All trees that offer food and protection for backyard birds and other wildlife.

Trees of Canada must include the Maple tree. The National symbol is a Maple leaf.

Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is of course the tree that give us that nice syrup we covet for our pancakes.

A slower growing tree to 100 feet, it is ideal for yards and landscapes.

A thick canopy offer shade, protection, and seeds for backyard birds and squirrels.

Sugar maples grow native through Ontario and neighboring provinces, through the northeast to Florida.

American beech (Fagus grandiflora), grows to 80 feet and produces edible nuts for people and wildlife. Backyard birds like nuthatches and woodpeckers find these nuts to be a real treat.

A soft gray colored bark covers the tree even with age (it was the tree of choice for carving initials into as a boy) making it an ideal tree in the landscape.

Nuts are covered by a prickly casing that splits open when the goodies inside are ripe.

Also gracing the landscapes and forests are these trees of Canada.

Northern red oak (Quercus rubra), Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea) and White oak (Quercus alba) are all trees of Canada.

Native trees growing throughout Nova Scotia and Ontario, oaks offer acorns for backyard birds and all sorts of wildlife.

Trees are broad spreading and reach heights of 80 to 120 feet depending on species and growing conditions.

Canadian Trees also include

American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana).

A small tree at around 35 feet when mature, with beautiful fall foliage.

Fruits or nuts are in pendulous clusters attached by two or three bracts.

American hornbeam is native from Quebec and throughout Ontario.

it is an all around an attractive tree in the landscape and for backyard birds.

Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera), Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) Black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) and Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) are all trees of Canada. All species can exceed 100 feet in height.

Yes, Canada is covered with various species of Cottonwood. From British Columbia to the Yukon Territory, from Labrador to Newfoundland, Cottonwoods are indeed trees of Canada.

Cottonwoods aren't the ideal landscape tree, but do offer much for backyard birds and wildlife.

If you don't get enough snow during the winter, Cottonwoods will cover the ground with its cotton like seeds, giving the feel of snow all over again.

Other Canadian Species of tree also include "Showy mountain ash" (Sorbus decora).

A small native tree ideal for your gardens, it stands at 33 feet in height, and is found throughout much of northeast North America.

Famous for its large bunches of red berries that makes it ideal for the landscape. The berries last well into winter adding color to the landscape if your backyard birds don't eat them first.

Other fruiting trees of Canada include Downy hawthorn (Crategus mollis), Cockspur hawthorn (Crategus crus-galli) and Prairie crab apple (Malus ioensis).

These small to medium fruiting trees bare fruit well into winter supplying food for your fruit eating birds.

Tamarack (Larix laricina) or the American larch.

Larches are deciduous conifers if there is such a thing.

During the summer months, they look much like and evergreen. Yet, when Autumn rolls around the needle turn yellow and drop off.

Tamaracks grow native throughout much of Canada in the northern United States.

They are a medium sized tree at 65 feet with a nice conical shape and ideal for your wildlife gardens

Cones are less than one inch and offer food for backyard birds.

I would be remiss if I didn't mention what Canada is well known for.

When I think about Canada, I think of huge boreal forests.

Monolithic stands of White pine (Pinus strobus), White spruce (Picea glauca) and Black spruce (Picea mariana).

White pines are found in the eastern portion of Canada.

Black and White spruce are found throughout Canada.

These hardy trees survive the most grueling weather conditions where they survive in the subarctic tundra.

The farther north they grow, the slower they grow because of the short growing season.

Both trees reach 70 feet in height and offer 2 inch cones for seed eating birds like redpolls and red breasted nuthatches.

Like all the regions, there are too many trees to mention here. However it gives you an idea what native trees are available in your neck of the woods.

Offer up some Bird Feeders and Fresh Water to accommodate your natural offerings.

Trees of Canada Stretch into The United States.

Native Shrubs

Native Grasses

Native Flowers

Choosing the Right Bird Feed

Feeding Hummingbirds

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