Three Common Orioles
of North America



Most Orioles do not winter in the United States, but return during the breeding season. There are 8 species that breed in the United States. The two most widespread species in the East are the Baltimore and Orchard and the Bullock's in the West.

These tropical colored birds. are arboreal and tend to feed in the canopy. Many species are able to survive in open forests and woodlands, although a few are restricted to closed forest.

They are opportunistic omnivores, with the main components of their diet being fruit, berries, and arthropods.

Baltimore oriole

These birds can be attracted to your yards and gardens with grape jelly, oranges and nectar water filled feeders.

Dry grass, strips of yarn and other materials can be offered as nesting materials.

They build their nest in tall trees and on branches as far out as possible for protection.

Certain species prefer certain trees, but will construct nests in almost any ideal location.

You may see a flash of fire through the air, or hear a rich, high, whistled song.

The Baltimore Oriole cannot be mistaken. The tropical whistling or song of the Baltimore, echos from treetops. I always here them before I see them.

Indeed a welcome sign of spring in eastern North America.

The male’s brilliant orange plumage blazes from high branches.

Fond of fruit and nectar as well as insects, it is easy to attract this beauty to backyard feeders, especially if you offer a tree or two for protection.

The Orchard are more subdued in color and not as common. The smallest North American species, you may find this bird nesting in shade trees along streams, rivers and lakes, and on farms and parklands.

On occasion one will visit my seed feeders.

To the West, the brilliant Bullock's is king. A bird of open woodlands in the American West, this species is especially fond of tall trees along rivers and streams.

Other than hummingbirds, they are perhaps the most famous neotropical migratory bird.

Click on the links below for a quick profile of the three most common or these neotropical birds.

Baltimore Orioles

Bullock's

Orchard

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