Anna's Hummingbird

(Calypte anna)

Anna's Hummingbird, a Quick Profile.

A husky, 4-inch-long bird.

This bird inhabited the chaparral-slopes of the Pacific coast and smog free skies of California.

Yet, these hummingbirds have not only survived, but have prospered with the rampant human development.

Few species of birds have adapted so well to the changes of wild-lands to concrete jungles as well as Anna's hummingbird has.

In fact, they have expanded their range North into British Columbia, Canada and East into Arizona as a result of exotic landscaping that we bring into our rural and suburban lives.

Anna's Male

Perching atop the tallest tree with a view of the nectar sources, Male Anna's secure their territories and signal for potential mates by a combination of songs and displays.

The song is an unmusical series of scratchy notes, and the display is an elaborate dive followed by a more intimate side-to-side flight (a bit of bird romance).

Foraging Females are allowed to share the available food sources, but other males are treated as intruders and are quickly chased away.

While feeding, both male and female Anna's emit a sharp "tzip" sound.

For their part, females fashion the sturdy nests of plant down and spider webs. Lichens camouflage the exterior, and tiny feathers cushion the interior of the nest.

Nests in the wild favor oak groves, but nests can be found in gardens very close to our homes and human activity.

Anna's hummingbirds are not a true migratory bird.

They do not make long distance flights to spend the non-breeding season in some tropical habitats.

But, they do move about the breeding range after nesting chores are completed because much of their range doesn't experience freezing winter weather.

They take advantage of the abundant flowering plants you and nature have to offer brought on by winter rains and your landscape choices.

Male Anna's begin singing and displaying as early as November, when most migratory species are settling in on their tropical wintering grounds.

Breeding continues until late spring, often resulting in a second clutch of 2 dull white eggs the size of a navy bean.

Incubation: is 14 to 19 days.

Nestlings: fledge in about 18 to 25 days.

Broods: 2 possibly 3

Diet: Insects and nectar

Similar species:

The Male Anna's is unmistakable when his red crown is seen but beware of poor lighting conditions. Females and immatures are fairly large and gray breasted, and often show the distinctive rosy-red gorget color on the throat.

Costa's hummingbird and the two Archilochus hummingbirds are the most likely identification contenders, but are smaller with whiter breasts and different call notes.

Range Map

Range map

Return to Top of Anna's Hummingbird

Hummers Mating

Hummingbird's Brain

Hummingbird's Bill

Feeding Hummingbirds

Hummingbird Feeders

Hummingbird Flowers

Hummingbird Gardens

Migration North

Migration South

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